The Mining of various minerals and metals has been a human activity since pre-historic times. Modern mining processes involve prospecting for ore bodies, analysis of the profit potential of a proposed mine, extraction of the desired materials, and final reclamation of the land after the mine is closed. India has a huge reserve of Iron ore, Bauxite, Chromium, Manganese ore, Baryte and many other Rare earth minerals. The Metals and Mining sector in India is expected to witness a major reform in the next few years. Make in India Campaign, focus on effective utilization of natural resources & elimination of mineral waste under the National Mineral Policy as well as the rise in infrastructure development are some of the major drivers of the Indian Metals and Mining sector.