The very first cargo from latest oil producer Guyana to the world's third-largest crude importer, India, deceased this month from a production facility off the South American nation's coast in a vessel chartered by trading company Trafigura, data from Refinitiv Eikon confirmed on Tuesday.
The cargo was got by HPCL-Mittal Energy Ltd, an alliance between state-run Hindustan Petroleum Corp and steel tycoon L.N. Mittal, a source with details of the matter said. HMEL drives a 226,000 barrel per day (bpd) Bathinda refinery in the northern state of Punjab.
India has talked refiners to accelerate the diversification of imports to cut their reliance on Middle Eastern crudes after OPEC+ decided this month to expand production cuts through April, two sources stated.
As OPEC's share in India's oil imports fell to historic lows between April 2020 and January 2021, the refining powerhouse started making preparations to import Guyanese crude though renewing a key supply contract between top refiner Indian Oil Corp Ltd and Russia.
The 1 million-barrel cargo of Guyana's Liza light sweet crude set sail on March 2 on Marshall Islands-flagged tanker Sea Garnet bound for India's
Mundra port NSE -3.23 %, where it is turn up around April 8. The cargo's charterer is Trafigura, as per the Eikon data.
Guyana's natural resources minister, Vickram Bharrat, told Reuters this month that the crude onboard the Sea Garnet had been originally allocated to New York-based Hess Corp, one of the firms producing crude in Guyana along with Exxon Mobil Corp, and delivered to Trafigura. Bharrat said he did not be acquainted with the identity of the cargo's ultimate purchaser.
Trafigura, Hess and HMEL denied remarking on commercial matters.
Whereas Guyana began exporting crude in early 2020, its oil has flowed mainly to the United States, China, Panama and the Caribbean, as per tanker-tracking data.
India was a renowned importer of Venezuelan oil, but tight U.S. sanctions on the South American country have since 2019 limited the volume India can buy, if it is even authorized.
India did not get any Venezuelan crude imports in February for a third consecutive month because of Washington's suspension of oil-for-fuel swaps between state-run PDVSA and Reliance Industries Ltd since October. That contrasts with 371,300 barrels per day (bpd) of Venezuelan oil that inwarded in Indian ports in February 2020.
Furthermore Russia, North American producers Canada, the United States and Mexico have gained market share by selling heavy crude grades to India.
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